Investigation: Driver Shortage
Both the number of people taking LGV tests and those actually passing them has plummeted in recent years, raising the spectre of a manpower crisis for hauliers.
An exclusive analysis of LGV tests taken from 2005/06 through to 2009/10, based on data collected by the Driving Standards Agency, shows that while 86,826 tests were conducted in 2005/06, this had more than halved by 2009/10 to just 43,094.
The pass rate for LGV tests (including both category C and C+E, aka Class-2 and Class-1 licences) mirrors that of actual tests sat, with 39,220 passed in 2005/06 dropping to just 21,749 by 2009/10 marking a 45% decline.
The latest available figures covering tests taken and passed (2010/11) have been excluded as they aren’t like-for-like as they include a small amount of test data from other non-relevant categories, but overall they suggest the trend has continued.
If the current level of decline remains unchecked, the pass rate will be under 12,000 in five years, with just
over 21,000 tests being taken annually by 2015/16, suggesting hauliers’ search for drivers is set to intensify.
With the price of fuel hitting a new record high, and customers and contractors looking to squeeze what they can from their subbies, hauliers are concerned with how they will stay in business
Indeed, respondents from the CM Networking Group on LinkedIn put forward that there might even be too many drivers in the market at present, with older drivers past retirement age continuing to do some driving to make ends meet and economic migrants from the EU making up the shortfall.
Why the decline?
UK unemployment (now above 8%), continuing consolidation and company collapses have undoubtedly played their part, as has the operating environment. The amount of CVs in the UK has been reduced by 7.8%,
from a high of 510,000 in 2007 to 470,000 in 2010.
Andrew Waldron, MD of drivers agency ADR Network, says despite this, it can still be hard to find C+E category drivers to cover peak months and peak days. “What is also masking this situation is that due to spiralling fuel costs hauliers have had to become ever more efficient, which means fewer drivers are required to move the same volume.”
Government data drawn from Jobcentre Plus backs this up, with unfiled vacancies for LGV drivers up from 115,690 in the February 2008/January 2009 period to 235,663 in the corresponding 2011/12 period
Bosses at some of the larger firms are worried. Research from PricewaterhouseCoopers found almost half (45%) of the 98 transport bosses surveyed say the struggle to attract new workers is a “major threat “to the long-term viability of their businesses.
Waldron adds that a survey of his regular temps suggests a number of mature drivers intend to jack in their jobs rather than complete their Driver CPC by the 2014 deadline. Given a hopeful uplift in the economy, this could create a perfect storm of rising demand for drivers just as the talent pool dries up.
Sean Pargeter is a director at EP Training in Great Bookham, Surrey. He believes that since the advent of the Driver CPC in 2009, the process of getting an LGV licence has become increasingly bureaucratic, with in effect six examinations (including the medical) to go through. “There’s a lot of hoops to jump through if you want to get into this industry,” he says.
While Pargeter, who also runs the HGV/LGV Training website, says most would-be drivers accept there is a cost associated with getting their licence, it can be another stumbling block. Getting trained and qualified will likely set you back anywhere from £1,300 to £2,500 all in (depending on what you’re going for), and these days company sponsors are rare.
Another issue is that insuring newly qualified drivers, especially youngsters, is “prohibitive” , according to Peter Masters, MD of Leighton Buzzard’s Miniclipper Logistics. Masters says that with the insurance excess for drivers under 25 being so high, and the shift within road transport to safe and fuel-efficient drivers, “we find the typical age we recruit drivers at to be 35 to 45” .
Two-year-old boys love nothing more than playing with their trucks, yet by the time they reach school most appear to be looking elsewhere. Pay is undoubtedly a factor, parents and career advisers another, but ultimately it’s the occupation’s image that weighs heavily.
“Unfortunately, LGV driving is still seen by many as unattractive, with limited career progression and relatively poor pay for long hours,” says Stephen Slaney, owner of TDL Consulting & Interim Management.
“Public perception of LGV drivers has improved, but the image needs to continue improving. The industry needs to attract not just more drivers but better-quality drivers and to reward them commensurate with their responsibilities and the ambassadorial role they play when driving their employer’s valuable equipment,” adds Slanley.
ADR’s Waldron is so concerned, he plans to open two training schools to update existing LGV licence holders to drive articulated lorries. At the lower end of the market, he suggests the industry needs to have a conversation about encouraging new drivers. “We need to reconsider the current post-qualification requirement of one or two years and explore other options.” One option could be new drivers working for a lower rate for a few weeks while they buddy with an experienced driver to learn the ropes.
Apprenticeships are another option to attract younger drivers. Stobart launched an apprenticeship scheme
last September, based at its drivers’ academy in Widnes. Although it covers all aspects of the business, it is expected to provide drivers too. Getting the firm’s insurers on board is important too, negating the risk of high insurance costs for the newly qualified.
However, perhaps road transport is missing the simplest sell. “My dad always used to say that if you had an LGV licence you’d never be out of work,” says Pargeter. “These days I’d add, if you’re good, and have an LGV licence you’ll never be out of work.” With the number of tests taken and passed in freefall, this is ringing ever more true.
NEW Vehicle Driver (CPC) Regs 2007 - by Tim Ridyard
Vehicle Drivers (Certificates of Professional Competence) Regulations 2007
On 27th March 2007 these regulations implement the European Directive requiring drivers to take an initial practical/ theoretical driving test (valid for 5 years) and 35 hours of periodic training every 5 years. Those affected are professional coach, bus and lorry drivers, the only exemptions being those who drive emergency vehicles, police/armed forces, and vehicles used for training/testing.
No new driver may drive a bus on or after 10th September 2008 or a lorry on or after 10th September 2009 on a public road unless the driver has taken the initial CPC test (theory and practical driving test). Drivers who already hold bus or lorry entitlements prior to those dates are exempt and, in effect, have 'acquired' or 'grandfather's' rights. The initial CPC test costs £30.00 for the theory part and £41.00 for the practical. Those who wish to provide periodic training courses will be authorised to do so on payment a fee of £1,500.00 and there is a separate fee of £250.00 for approval of every course which is provided.
Once a driver has passed the initial CPC test or completed 35 hours of periodic training he/she must be issued with a driver qualification card (cost £25.00).
Drivers who have not needed to pass the initial CPC test because they have 'acquired rights' must have completed 35 hours of pre-periodic training by 10th September 2013 (bus drivers) and 10th September 2014 (lorry drivers). It is an offence to drive without a CPC - maximum fine £1,000.00 (level 3 current level).
Drivers who are required to have a CPC must be able to produce driving entitlement to the Police or VOSA (failure to do so is also an offence - maximum fine £1,000.00). Further offences are created for failure to surrender cards or documents which have errors( max £1000 fine); forging or making false statements is also an offence (maximum punishment 2 years imprisonment).
The Motor Vehicles (Driving Licences) Regulations are amended substituting new minimum age requirements for bus and lorry drivers who have passed the initial CPC test - 21, not 18, for bus drivers and lorry drivers with some variation for bus drivers depending on distance of routes driven.
These regulations were laid before Parliament on 2nd March 2007. This is not definitive account of the regulations which should be studied closely for further details.
Tim Ridyard, Solicitor (www.barkergotelee.co.uk)